logo - Join me in the 1900s mid C20th
The webmaster, Pat Cryer, as a young child

The skies
in Second World War air raids

YOU ARE HERE: home > war > World War Two

Air raids were - I am ashamed to say - enjoyable experiences for a very young child. I can't remember my first one because there had always been air raids as far as I was concerned, and it never occurred to me that I could possibly be hurt in one. I was born three months before the start of the Second World War.

Sketch showing searchlights during air-raids

Searchlights during air-raids. A sketch from a magazine cutting in the effects of my mother. Note the Anderson shelter and the shoulder bags containing gas masks being carried by the people. See below for a contemporary photo of a searchlight in action

Sometimes when the houselights were off, I would peep through the blackout curtains at the outside world. The searchlights flickered across the sky trying to seek out enemy bombers to shoot down. I thought that the lights were pretty. Yet years later when I saw laser lights as part of the Christmas decorations in London's Oxford Street, a shiver of recollection ran down my back. So perhaps I was more scared than I realised at the time, or maybe I had developed a better appreciation of the dreadfulness of war.

to top of page

The night skies during air raids

Where my family lived in Orping­ton, Kent, we were on the flight path from Germany to London. Biggin Hill Aero­drome was also nearby. So we were very much affected by air raids. I remember watching with fascin­ation the dogfights between fighter planes in the skies above us, and at night I slept under the stairs - said to be strongest part of a house, with my parents also squeezing in.

Geoff Copus

Sometimes my father would "take me up" - out of our Anderson shelter - to see what was going on. The shelter faced eastwards from Edmonton towards Chingford across the Lea Valley and its factory estates.

In front of the shelter doors was a blast wall - a thick brick wall designed to do as its name suggests. We often used to stand behind it, watching all of the planes and searchlights in the sky, the 'tracer' bullets and general hubbub. I think that the 'tracer' bullets got their name because they somehow glowed enabling the gunner to see the trajectory and thus trace and refine his aim.

John Cole

As I was born in 1937, I was still quite young during the worst of the air raids. Even so, I remember, one night my father holding me up to the windows during the blackout, and everywhere around was a red glow where the bombs had fallen. We were lucky in Hazel Close, where we lived, though, because there was an anti-aircraft battery nearby, so the German aircraft tried to avoid the area.

Tom Wallace

Ground staff operating a searchlight in WW2

Ground staff operating a searchlight. Detail from a screen shot of an old film.

When a bomb went through the top of one of the gasometers in the gasworks along Angel Road, Edmonton, about a mile due east of us. As you can imagine, the flames shot several hundreds of feet up into the air. The pitch dark of the blackout was no longer, what with the searchlights and flashes, etc.

John Cole

to top of page

The daytime skies during air raids and the Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain began on 10 July 1949 with a series of co-ordinated German air raids on shipping convoys in the Channel. RAF Fighter Command shot down 14 enemy aircraft and severely damaged 23 more at the start of a pivotal fight for aerial supremacy that lasted more than three months. The 3000 RAF fighter pilots held off the enemy, forcing Hitler to cancel the German invasion of Britain. This prompted Sir Winston Churchill's famous words, "Never thin the field of human conflict has so much been owed by so many to so few".

Recollections of the Battle of Britain from the ground

I vividly remember passing days in September 1940 in my grandmother's back garden, in glorious weather, and watching the aeroplanes weaving, turning and fighting each other in the sustained air campaign known as the Battle of Britain. I seem to remember that our planes were silver and the enemy's were black, but that may have been childhood fantasy. Anyway, ours won - thank God!

John Cole

Little did I appreciate the stress and strain of the Spitfire and Hurricane pilots in the sky above me, locked in deadly combat with their enemies. It would only be when there was a momentary burst of gunfire from one of the planes that my schoolboy friends and I would leap from our bikes and run. Then we did appreciate something of the terrible danger these great RAF heroes were in. The occasional vapour trail left by a plane in the clear blue skies above our heads, the flash of sunlight from some part of one of the many planes, twisting and turning in and away from one another. It was like some macabre aerial ballet. Quite beautiful, but totally deadly.

Dick Hibberd

to top of page