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To get onto a railway station platform, we had to show our travel tickets or platform tickets to a member of station staff who would be standing at the platform gate. There was usually one or more of them on duty - although this wasn't always the case. Sometimes the tickets were snipped to confirm that they had been seen. Automatic barriers were years away.
To leave the platform at the end of a journey, we had to give up our tickets to a ticket collector who stood at the platform gate. I never understood how tickets could be inspected properly when hoards of passengers streamed on and off a busy train, but some passengers certainly were called back, so there must have been some cheating.
Tickets were not normally checked on the train although there were random inspections.