While I was growing up in the 1940s, pipe smoking was giving way to cigarette smoking, although it was still popular with older men.
To accommodate the pipes of all the adults in the family, there were pipe racks in the older houses. These came in a range of lengths and were normally mounted on walls to double as ornaments. The pipe rack in the photo was in my mother's family for many years and was affectionately known by everyone as 'the monks'.
The best pipes were made of wood and came in a range of shapes and woods. They could last for years.
Cheaper pipes were made of white clay and chipped and broke easily.
The main use of these clay pipes was as playthings for children. It was fun to dip the pipe into a bowl of soapy water, blow into it and watch the bubbles floating out. Not that the bubbles lasted for long, because they was no detergent and soap was a poor substitute.
Pipe cleaners were lengths of stiff but flexible wire covered in a soft fabric. My mother used them as hair curlers.
Smokers had their favourite tobacco brands. One was not like another to them, and a very large range was available. It was normally sold in branded tins, although I understand that it could be bought loose, although one couldn't be sure where that came from - see Peter Johnson's recollection of cigarette butts in cinemas!